This Policy Discussion Paper by the Centre for Housing Research draws on international literature on regeneration, which points to the need for much regeneration work to be multi-faceted. The report concludes that design, housing management and social and economic elements often need to be addressed simultaneously if regeneration projects are to be successful in the long run. Current policy and funding arrangements may inhibit the required multi-dimensional response. The value of giving more emphasis to identifying the sources of problems on estates and responding promptly to prevent their escalation is also stressed. Different approaches to project implementation are examined by way of three case studies.